Scripting and Programming Languages, TAGUAS SIDE HUSTLES

Difference Between Markup, Scripting and Programming Languages

Generally, every language is considered as programming languages but still there are some major differences between them. When talking about scripting and programming languages, it is safer to say that all scripting languages are programming languages but all programming languages are not scripting languages.

Different kind of programming language, markup languages, and scripting languages. 

These differentiations in these languages are generally made so that they can fit every category of developed web applications, or program a code into it. 

An explicit option between them is definite and has to be always made earlier, building it and subsequently the development procedure can never be moved in a long way blindly. 

Let’s understand all of these languages in quite a comprehensive manner.

But before jumping into the depth of these languages, let’s first understand what Markup, Scripting, and Programming Languages actually are. 

What Are Markup Languages?

A Markup Language is a computer language that is able to detach the elements of a document by tags. It is not like programming languages, and is in-human readable format and hence can be opened with more or less all text editors. 

By its very nature of elaborating elements by tags, these files allow interpretations of a wide variety of elements. These tags don’t do anything with the data’s graphical representation. Apart from this, they never use these representations or data to specify user-defined settings like dimensions, fonts, and many others.

There are several Markup languages among which we have come up with a few examples. These Markup languages are mentioned below:

  • HTML i.e. HyperText Markup Language
  • XML i.e. Extended Markup Language
  • XHTML i.e. Extensible HyperText Markup Language
  • XAML i.e. XML Based Markup Language

What Are Scripting Languages?

It is considered as all scripting languages are programming languages but it’s not that true in all domains or contexts. The scripting language is generally a language where a programmer writes instructions for a run time environment. There is no need for the compilation step but it is required to be interpreted. 

It always brings the latest functions to applications and combines complicated systems with each other. There is no doubt when someone is saying that a scripting language is a programming language as this language is designed for incorporating and communicating with other programming languages.

There are several Scripting Languages among which we have come up with a few most popular ones. These Scripting Languages are mentioned below:

  • Bash
  • Node js
  • Ruby
  • Python
  • Perl

What Are Programming Languages?

A Programming Language is a set of syntax and instructions used to generate software programs. This is a formal language which specifies a set of instructions for any computer to perform particular tasks. A programmer writes this in order to develop software programs and applications, also for controlling and manipulating computer systems. 

The Programming Language has continued to change and evolve over time and generation to generation. There are several latest languages in the context of programming languages that have developed recently and the older languages are kept on updating so that they can meet the changing needs of today’s modern world.

There are several programming languages among which we have come up with a few most popular languages that are mentioned below:

  1. Procedural Programming Languages i.e. PPL
  • C and C++
  • Java
  • Pascal
  1. Functional Programming Languages i.e. FPL
  • Scala
  • Erlang
  • Haskell
  • Elixir
  • F#
  1. Object-Oriented Programming Languages i.e. OOPL
  • Java
  • Python
  • PHP
  • C++
  • Ruby
  1. Scripting Languages i.e. SL
  • PHP
  • Ruby
  • Python
  • Bash
  • Perl
  • Node Js
  1. Logic Programming Language i.e. LPL
  • Prolog
  • Absys
  • Datalog
  • Alma-0

Back-end Vs. Front-end Languages In Programming Language

  1. Back-end Languages: The Back-end Languages deal with manipulation and storage of the server side of any software. This is a segment of the software with which the user doesn’t contact but supports their experiences and ordeals behind the scenes which includes scripting, communication, and data architecture between underlying databases and applications.

Everyone who has experience in engineering or mathematics is able to find more interest in back-end development. There are various examples in back-end development languages among which we have mentioned a few of them. These examples are as follows:

  • JavaScript
  • PHP
  • Java
  • Python
  • Ruby
  • C#
  1. Front-end Languages: The front-end languages fundamentally examine the users’ aspect of the software. The front-end deals with each and every colour, buttons, navigation, texts, and images that are faced by any user when they navigate your application or website. All those with a background in graphic designing most probably get inspired to start their learning with one of the front-end languages.

There are certain examples of front-end languages among which we have come up with a few most popular and common ones. These popular examples of front-end languages are mentioned below:

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript
  • React

Interpreted Vs. Compiled Languages In Programming Language

The difference between compiled and interpreted languages has nothing to do with each other but they turn high-level code into readable for users by the computer. Let’s discuss both of them in quite a detailed manner.

  1. Interpreted Language: With the help of interpreted languages, the coding goes through a program which is termed as an interpreter. It reads and carries out the code line by line in a very precise manner. This is because these languages are platform independent and flexible.

There are several examples of Interpreted languages among which we have mentioned a few of them. These examples are mentioned below:

  • Python
  • JavaScript
  • PHP
  • Ruby
  1. Compiled Language: The compiled language goes through a development stage from where the complete program is turned into machine code due to which it is prompt to implement, but it’s another meaning is that you have to compile or develop the whole program again every time when you are required to make any change.

There are various examples of compiled languages among which we have mentioned a few popular examples below. You must have a look at these examples.

  • C, C++, and C#
  • Rust
  • Erlang

Difference Between These Three Types Of Languages

The main differences between these three languages i.e. Markup, Scripting, and Programming Languages are mentioned below in the table. Read the table carefully and understand all that you need to know regarding this concerned subject matter.

Markup LanguagesScripting LanguagesProgramming Languages
The Markup languages are all about visuals and looks for a website or application.This is a type of language that is designed to incorporate and communicate with other programming languages.These languages are the set of rules that suggests to the computer system what and how to do any work.
They are used for the presentation of data and determine the final appearance of the data that is required to be displayed on the software.They are mostly used in conjunction with other languages, either programming or markup languages.This language consists of a series of precise steps as it has been elaborated and will result in an error and many times the system will not perform as you would have expected.
A properly utilized HTML with the help of CSS will lead to a beautiful and stunning website.PHP is a scripting language and is mostly used in conjunction with HTML. The basic function of this language is to translate the input data into the meaningful output. 
Markup languages are just markup languages and they are human readable because they contain normal texts.All scripting languages are programming languages. These languages are interpreted without being compiled.Not all programming languages are scripting languages. These languages are compiled and proper coding is required here.
Most common examples of Markup languages are: HTML, XML, XHTML, XAML, and several others.Most common examples of Scripting languages are: Bash, Node js, Ruby, Python, Perl, and several others.Most common examples of Programming languages are: Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, JavaScript, and several others.

Which Language Is Best Among These Three Languages?

As it is clear with the above discussion what markup, scripting and programming languages are but still you would be feeling which language you should choose to learn. It is obvious to feel nervous and confused and it is okay to swim in the pool of doubts when you have so many good options and still you have to pick the best one from them. So we are here to help you out in this context. 

When discussing the fact that all these three languages are one of the best computer languages that are used by a programmer to develop websites and applications, all of them are different from each other. You must know that all scripting languages can be called as a programming language, but not all programming languages can be called as scripting languages. But Markup languages are completely different from scripting and programming languages.

Markup languages are presentational languages, and it doesn’t include any type of logic or algorithm. The most specific and popular example of this language is HTML which is completely a presentational language and doesn’t need any algorithm or logic behind it. This language is just required to represent a view inside a web browser. These languages are most commonly used to design web pages.

Scripting languages are just about providing the script in order to perform certain tasks. These languages are subcategories of programming languages and are used to provide guidance to other programs, or you can say they are used to control other programs. As a result, it involves instructions too. It generally connects one language to another one as it doesn’t work standalone. You must understand that there is no possibility of a compiler in this language, and it is mostly used to develop a website.

Why Programming Languages Are the Best Choice for Beginners

Programming languages are a set of code or instructions that suggests to a computer what it is required to do. Generally, in this language, a programmer has to provide logic and instructions to the computer to perform all those tasks as assigned by the programmer and provide the desired output from it, as computers are only able to understand machine-level or binary languages (0 to 1). As a result, a programmer is required to convert a programming language to a machine-level language, as the programming language is a high-level language.

When talking about what you should pick when learning a language, we will advise you to go for a programming language. As you would know, scripting languages are comparatively slower than programming languages because the compiled codes are initially converted into machine code. 

On the contrary, markup languages are just used to elaborate the structure of data and to design a website or application. It is just a presentable language and doesn’t require any algorithm or logic. As a result, programming languages are best suited for any beginner to start their career in coding and become a professional programmer in the upcoming years.


We hope that we were able to clear all your doubts and confusion regarding Markup, Scripting, and programming languages. If you need someone to aid and advise you on this concerned subject matter, then the professional development company can help you immensely by providing top-notch and high-quality services to you. Contact and get in touch with them and avail all the services they provide.

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